Hair transplantation is a procedure that aims to implant or transplant hair into a bald head area. This surgery is performed by a plastic surgeon or dermatologist. Worldwide, there are 60 percent of men and 50 percent of women who experience hair loss throughout their lives. To overcome this, people with hair loss usually use hair growth agents that can be bought freely. However, because surgery sounds terrible, many people are looking for ways to do non surgical hair replacement.
While hair transplantation is an alternative for baldness sufferers when he has used hair growth medicine, but the results are not effective. In general, the success rate of hair grafts is higher than hair growth agents. Even so, the cost of this procedure is more expensive, both for the operating costs themselves and the cost of treatment afterward.
The reasons behind hair transplants are to improve the appearance and increase confidence in people who have baldness. This means, there is generally no medical indication of hair transplant surgery.
People who need a hair transplant are those who experience:
- Baldness on the crown of the head or the front of the head
- Baldness due to lupus, injury, or other medical conditions
Hair transplantation is not necessarily effective for everyone. This surgery is not recommended for people who experience:
- Broad hair baldness
- Hair loss due to chemotherapy drugs or other drugs
- Thick scar tissue due to injury to the scalp
The preparations you can take before undergoing a hair transplant include:
Discuss the benefits and risks of hair transplantation with a doctor.
Fasting the night before surgery. Because the hair transplant requires total anesthesia.
For the initial stage, the doctor will perform general anesthesia so that you fall asleep during the hair transplant. The doctor then performs the hair transplant procedure that has been selected.
There are two types of hair transplant procedures which include:
1. Follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS)
In the FUSS procedure, the doctor will remove a portion of the hairy scalp, (usually on the back of the head) with a scalpel.
The hairy scalp is then grafted into the bald area of the scalp.
The scalp cut incision is then stitched and covered with surrounding hair.
2. Follicular unit extraction (FUE)
The doctor will shave the hair on the back of the head and pull out the hair follicles one by one.
The hair follicles are then transplanted into bald areas.
The area of hair that is shaved at FUE will heal well, and only small spots become retracted hair follicles. But these small spots can be covered with surrounding hairs.
FUE is a less invasive hair transplant procedure compared to FUSS. But FUE costs tend to be more expensive.